Beauty Model and Colorism

Continuing our discussion on the Beauty Model and Colorism; how does colorism affect men, black men in particular? How do men form opinions about black women based on the images created in the media and how do you think black women see themselves.  As an example, recently an Univision TV Host was fired for comparing First Lady Michelle Obama to “Planet of the Apes.” Feel free to use music videos, TV shows and films as example. Please read the Univision article and two articles about Viola Davis’ challenges in Hollywood as a dark skinned actress. Please incorporate the articles and the readings about the Beauty Model and Colorism into your comments.


Next week we will talk about the Romantic vs. Sexual Deviant and watch the classic film, Claudine. Have a great weekend.

21 thoughts on “Beauty Model and Colorism

  1. Colorism is a very contravorial topic. Particularly with the black men it occurs often. Colorism affects black men because a light skinned man may be presented with more work opportunities in comparison to dark skinned black man that won’t. Unfortunately, since colorism occurs amongst the same ethic background men will start to feel as if they are competing with their own due to their skin tone. When skin should not be a factor. Society usually associates a dark skinned person into roles that consist of crime, poverty, uneducated, not privilege, etc. While a light skinned black person, must be mixed with another race, wealthy, smart, etc. Men are affected because instead of feeling united, they are going against each other. This also inferres into how black men view women. Media present images of women to be some attractive, sexual, free spirited, aggressive (sometimes), and physically in shape. If this is what is publicized then eventually most of the population is going to associate these ideas to how women are suppose to be or look like. Just like the concept of the beauty model; attractive, European made and attractive to black man but not women. Basically, the purpose of this beauty model is for black men to be attracted to them. This is how the separation begins. Also, it majority due to the media seperating light skinned verses dark skinned men and women why colorism happens. It is because of the images and media that these wars happen and many of the same race are faced with these obstacles.


    • Tercy, think you misunderstood the question. When I asked how Colorism affected men, it was in reference to how they see women. Colorism does affect men of color but since we are looking at Black women, I would have liked you to make that connection as it relates to Black women and build your comments around the readings and articles. Also, I would like to hear your thoughts about the Univision Host’s comments on Michelle Obama and Viola Davis. Also incorporating the readings are equally important.


  2. The beauty model is a feminine cultural hierarchy created by the dominant group in society (whites) that determines what type of woman is the most attractive in society. The most attractive would of course be the European woman while coming up next will be the light skinned black woman or mulatto woman. The Mulatto Hypothesis is that the more white blood you have, the more attractive it makes you. A light skinned black woman will be considered more superior, pure and marriageable than a dark skinned black woman because she possesses European features. This distinction was made by our very own President Thomas Jefferson, who stated in similar words that lighter skin was equated with femininity and physical beauty; hence light-skinned black female slaves were valued for their exotic beauty. Darker-skinned female slaves, on the other hand, were equated with physical strength, but were perceived as possessing no femininity nor beauty (Manatu. African American Women and Sexuality in the Cinema (Kindle Locations 1212-1213). The concept of beauty can be summed up in one word: colorism. Colorism is the prejudice and discrimination against dark skinned people that happens in the hands of their own racial group. Dark skinned black women and men are bullied, made to feel less than, and inferior to their lighter skinned black counterparts. The sad part about this situation is that Colorism was created by white people to break down black people’s self-worth and to create controversy/animosity among the group. Basically, black people are using the dominant’s group ideologies to oppress their own group.

    Colorism affects how black women are treated in Hollywood because while black women as a whole are limited to certain roles; dark skinned black women face far more discrimination then their light skinned counterparts when it comes to movie roles. According to the NYT article, Black actresses, especially, face another hurdle: the darker-complected they are, the narrower a range of parts they are offered. Earlier this year, Lupita Nyong’o, who won an Oscar for her role in “12 Years a Slave,” said that her “night-shaded skin” had always been “an obstacle.”

    Another actress who faces colorism in Hollywood is Viola Davis. She is a dark skinned actress who have been limited to roles such as “the career woman with no personal/love life” and “the mammy” most of her acting career. In her newest different role in How to Get Away With Murder, she plays the sexy and sophisticated married defense lawyer and law professor Annalise Keating. In a NYT article, a journalist (Alessandra Stanley) was questioning why Viola Davis got this role and said she wasn’t classically beautiful. One has to wonder if Keating was being played by a white or biracial woman such as Halle Berry, would her beauty even be questioned? I believe not. On Daniel’s M. blog, she believes that the reason why Davis wouldn’t be considered a “classic beauty” to Stanley is because of internalized misogyny and white supremacy. Viola Davis has been waiting on a role like this for years. After years of stock characters, she was thrilled to play a real protagonist, a fully developed, conflicted, somewhat mysterious woman. “It’s what I’ve had my eye on for so long,” she said. “It’s time for people to see us, people of color, for what we really are: complicated.” She is finally getting to be a universal actress. Something that most black women in Hollywood never get a chance to do.

    Colorism affects black men because they feel that dating and marrying a light skinned woman would elevate their status in society. According to the textbook, While a dark-skinned black man could improve his lot by garnering enough financial stability to marry into the “elite,” thereby “lightening” the skin-tone of his children, dark-skinned black women had no such option (Wade, 1996), and from most accounts, generally, a good many still do not (Bond & Cash, 1992; Robinson & Ward, 1995; Wade, 1996). And this is still prominent today. Black men compare the negative stereotypes affiliated with dark skinned black women to the positive stereotypes associated with light skinned/mixed black woman and come to the conclusion that dark skinned black women are unworthy of respect, opportunities and marriage or commitment.

    Men of all races definitely form opinions on black women based on the images being put out there in the media. When they see images such as them being loud, over sexual, having a bunch of kids and “baby daddies”, that sets the tone to how these men will treat black women when they come in contact with them in real life. For example, a man will approach a black woman very disrespectful and sexually but the same man will approach a non-black woman with the upmost respect. These men want to bed black women but will never take them seriously as a wife or even a girlfriend. In mostly all music videos today with black male artists, rarely is a dark skinned black woman ever cast as a leading lady. If she is in the video, the focus is on her body and her shaking her ass. Her face is rarely shown. Most recently, in Chris Brown’s music video “Ayo,’ the lyrics consist of him singing “All my bitches got real hair.” In the video only non-black women are shown and are praised for having real hair. And the only black woman in the video is shown giving oral sex in a car to Mike Epps and then she gets her wig snatched off. That right there shows how blatant colorism is and how black women are the least respected and defended race of women in society.

    Also people see stuff like this and assume black women (dark skinned women especially) are only good for sex. They can never be “wifey” material unless they fit or are closest to the beauty model.
    I’m sure these images of black women are very detrimental to their self-esteem. Especially for the young black girls coming up. I think there are different ways that black women see themselves. 1) We have the black women who don’t let what the media says about them effect their self-worth and self-esteem. These types usually have a strong family and community support system. 2) There are also the ones who pretend as if colorism and degradation of black women don’t exist. These types usually say things like “I don’t see what the big deal is” or “He/they are not talking about me,” “I’m not that kind of black woman.” Sometimes these women brush off these stereotypes and degradation because they don’t want to seem like they are hating or are bitter if they expressed their true feelings and disagreed with the negative perception of black women in the media. 3) Then we have the black women who succumb to colorism/degradation and end up suffering from internalized oppression. These types of black women usually hate their hair, skin, nose and praise non-blacks but put down their own race. They also tend to believe the stereotypes about their own race. This is very sad because it satisfies what the dominant group set out (getting blacks to believe racist ideologies about themselves) and intended for the black race.


    • Excellent analysis! Your quotes and links as well as the Chris Brown video demonstrates a clear understaning of the material. Especially, as it relates to how Colorism affects Black women in Hollywood and how men, particularly men of color, internalize Colorism and the Beauty Model. Music videos, especially rap music, have been a standing model of how men see light skin women vs dark skin women. It seems that not matter how we progress, we still hold ourselves to European standards. Good job!


  3. Beauty Model and Colorism affect black women and black men differently because the standards for women and men in society vary. For example women are pressured to be perceived as beautiful while men are pressured to be providers. Like the article One black girl. Many words, suggest, women’s self esteem can be linked to how others see them as attractive or beautiful and if they themselves feel that way. Being that our country was founded on patriarchy and slavery, the objectification of women can be a result of women as a group, viewed as property. In addition colorism after slavery, created hierarchy between blacks because the lighter skin you had the likely you were able to “pass” for white which brought more opportunities. Black men were not subject to colorism because beauty is not considered a standard for men in general. On the other hand black women are subject to colorism because women are pressured to be perceived as beautiful. For example many ads in magazines and television use the female body and sexuality to sell products. In the book African American women and Sexuality in the cinema, the author Manatu states, lighter skinned is related to exotic beauty while darker skin was associated with physical strength. Manatu also described that black men do not face discrimination based upon their skin color because they are able to marry a women with lighter skin and therefore that would improve his status. Viola Davis mentions in the New York times magazine her struggles with being a darker skinned actress and how she was limited to roles because of her skin. She stated how she played various different roles but to be seen as attractive or sexual was not common and her role now in How To Get Away with Murder is the first time she gets to play an African American women that has many identities. For example, she is intelligent, sexual, and in a position of power due to her job. Manatu also suggest that black men view women and including black women by what they see and are told in society. For example the standards of beauty is a European standard therefore black men are likely to be attracted to white women or lighter skinned women because that is the ideal standard of beauty. In addition women with darker skin internalize the idea that society may not perceive them as beautiful which results in a damage self esteem which Viola Davis says that was one of her challenges in her youth.


    • Good response, you included statements from the book which gives me a sense of what you understand and able to incorpoarate into your analysis. Try to use actual quotes or quotation marks to indicate what is coming directly from the book. With your comments you were able to connect the topic of Colorism and Viola Davis. Viola Davis appears to be a victim of the Beauty Model while the way Black men view Black woman, is an issue of Colorism. In regards to Viola Davis, its kind of shocking that a woman with such an amazing talent has been so limited because of her skin color. The bulk of her experience, if I remember correctly, is from theater. Its only within the last 5-8 years that she has been able to build her experience in film and television. And even though, she has demonstrated that she is an excellent actress, she is still being viewed as not “classically beautiful.” As an example of how the Beauty Model functions in mainstream media, Meryl Streep is not classically beautiful but her exceptionally talent not looks are always highlighted.

      I would have liked to have heard your thoughts on the Univision host and how it relates to our class, the readings and your prespective as a Latina. We know Colorism exist in the Latino culture but rarely hear it discussed within or without the community.


  4. Colorism affects men in particular through media especially by promoting light skin girls as the girls to have. Black men then form negative opinions about black women because all they see them playing in the media is nothing but loud and sex objects. Black men follow whatever Black male celebrities do. If Kanye dates a white woman, black men in society will think thats the “movement”, to get themselves a white woman. The medias portrayl of black women is so sad because we are all human, the color of our skin should not define us. We are in a time where we can change all of this rapidly, yet the media chooses to stick with the “norms” in which they think is correct.

    Black women might see themselves as not “accepted” due to societies standards of beauty. Seeing music videos and black women’s role in the media will defintinly have a negative effect on their views. They might think they arent good enough or pretty enough when in reality they are good enough and pretty enough to do anything they want. We as people in whole need to get it together and break this wall of colorism still occuring today after years of our ancestors fighting for their future generations (us) to be one. Viola Davis challenges in hollywood is some what surprising to me. You would think such a succesful actor would not have to deal with colorism and would be respected for her accomplisments, but of course the media once again tries to downgrade even the most succesful black women! Its really sad that in this day and age this still is going on.

    As for the Univision TV host getting fired, i’m really glad he did. Honestly alot of people think its ok just because you are a certain race or mixed with a race that its ok to degrade your own people. The fact that he wrote in his lady to Obama apologizing that he is bi-racial ,does not make it acceptable for him to make the comment that he did. He is in a position where he can promote positivity and yet he uses it to degrade his own people. I dont think its acceptable to whatever race you are to make a comment about your own race degrading them. I feel that you should always promote whatever race you are positivley.

    Lastly, Kanye West & Pharrell. These two artists are just SOME examples of the ongoing promotion of light skin girls are the standard beauty. Beauty to be on their cover albums. Kanye West cover art for his Album, ” Yeeezus”, features three light skin women all over him. Pharrells cover art for his album, “G I R L”, features three light skin girls standing next to him as well. BOTH artist have only light skin girls on their cover albums. Otherwise known as, “cover art”. These both very successful black men are basically promoting light skin girls as the beauty model. I dont know if they did this intentionlly, but the whole world sees this cover art, and of course the human brain consumes it as, this is right, when its not.

    In one of Kanye West songs, “Appalled” , he says ” Champagne wishes; 30 white b*tches..Five Start dishes, different exotic fishes”. WHAT??? Kanye is basically promoting this as higher status and power, and if you have these things, you have made it. He has the power to change peoples view in the media, instead he is promoting to the world that this is success basically. He lists the “finer” things in life and along throws in white girls associating that with the “finer” things in life. I just think its wrong. So many people listen to this guys music on a daily basis and follow his every move. He claims to be a god, yet he’s not doing anything holy.


    • Theora you made some good points. You also made great connections to Colorism, music videos and a lot of mainstream rappers. I also like your comments about the former Univision host. I agree with your statment that he is in a position to promote positivity but yet falls back on internalized racism and colorism. Again, it would have been great it you connected your comments to the readings. It makes your arguments stronger as well as demonstrates you are doing the readings and understand the context.


    • Theora you made some good points. You also made great connections to Colorism, music videos and a lot of mainstream rappers. I also like your comments about the former Univision host. I agree with your statment, that he is in a position to promote positivity but yet falls back on internalized racism and colorism. Again, it would have been great if you connected your comments to the readings. It makes your arguments stronger as well as demonstrates you are doing the readings and understand the context.


  5. Colorism affects everyone in different ways. Colorism is the difference between a dark skinned person and a light skinned person. It is the difference of appearing as someone who is dangerous(dark skinned) vs. someone who is not dangerous(light skinned) even further someone who is intelligent (light skinned) vs. someone who isn’t( dark skinned). Colorism affects men because it is seen as something of power. If two African American males are interviewing for a position as a CEO at a law firm the HR personal i.e. the white male, he would be more inclined to hire the light skinned male vs. the dark skinned male because the light skinned male can pass more off as “fitting into the work place society”. Which is something I feel strongly about when I say that is wrong on every level possible it shouldn’t matter what I look like hire me because I can do the job at hand. Black men in particular are always having to prove themselves to someone more then any other male. They have to prove that they are capable of performing any tasks at hand. White males don’t have to go through anything like that its like a job just falls into their laps. Which frankly is something truly sad.
    Within the media which I feel downplays every race, black men form the wrong impression about black women from what they see in the media. The media portrays black women as aggressive, reckless, loud, and very obnoxious. When in reality not all black are like that at all. There are women in all races that portray characteristics as these. Black women are more inclined to believe in those stereotypes that are portrayed but fail to see that it is just for show. Then you met the women who embrace their race and know exactly who they are and how strong they truly are.
    With the tv host that got fired I agree with the company. It doesn’t matter what race you are or where you come from things you should never say anything about someone race even if you are a part of that race. People will take offense to it no matter what. Beauty is as beauty does it is in the eye of the beholder that’s what I got from the articles.


    • Alexandra, you have some good observations that need to be flushed out. I think reading the book and trying to incorporate the readings would help you frame your thoughts. Your comments about Colorism and how it affect Black men are good but could be better when you can make a direct correlation to the readings. You also didnt mention the articles about Viola Davis, which makes me thing you didn’t bother to read it.

      I agree with you regarding the Univision host, he insulted the First Lady and assumed he could get away with it. And, then when he was challenged about his comments he made some unbelievable excuse. This was a perfect example of not only Colorism and the Beauty Model but also a level of racism.


  6. Colorism imposes a beauty hierarchy based on skin color which idolizes lighter skin (for being closest to whiteness). The hierarchy affects the beauty standards for people of color of all genders in different ways. However, Manatu argues that cisgender Black men with darker skin can raise their status through attainment of wealth whereas Black women with darker skin cannot raise their status. As Viola Davis testifies to in the NYT article, darker skinned women do not fit within the desired ‘look’ media promotes, and as a result Davis has experienced a career of slim pickings for nuanced characters with important roles.

    For the heterosexual Black men who have internalized colorism, dating darker skinned Black women is a faux pas, thus further contributing to the demonizing views of darker skinned Black women. They may also view white women, or very light skinned Black women, as the pinnacle of success and wealth. This dynamic can be seen in the female leads on the show Empire. When the male lead character, Lucious, is on the road to success, his wife is Cookie, a brown skinned woman from the ‘hood’. However, as Lucious reaches the height of his career, his new wife is Anika, a fair skinned Black woman from a rich family. As consumers of media, we can also see colorism playing out in music videos and movies. For example, in the video below the lighter skinned women, specifically the ‘mixed’ women, are in central focus while the darker skinned women appear briefly and very sparingly.

    As these less than favorable portrayals of darker skinned Black women are readily available through media, they can be just as easily internalized by women of color. Healthy self-esteem and body image are threatened. You might learn to loathe the very attributes you were born with. However, hating the shade of your skin isn’t always the outcome for those of us who notice the beauty model. For some of us, there is a long, sometimes arduous, process of unlearning the dislike for brown skin and accepting Blackness.


  7. Ariel, I couldnt watch more than a minute of Lil Wayne’s video Every Girl. Lil Wayne is a perfect example of of how black men as well as many, if not all Black rappers, internalize Colorism. I interviewed Lisa Williamson aka “Sister Souljah”, a female rapper from the 90’s. (Please look her up if you are not familiar with her) And she said just because rappers are rich and famous doesn’t change the fact that they have the same pathology and baggage as any other person that came from the same environment. That interview was about 20yrs ago and we are still talking about the same issues. As Manatu states,” same race color bias is used to drive the stereotype of black female hyper sexuality in media.” Your observations about Empire are dead on, Lee Daniels as well as Spike Lee and Tyler Perry all suffer from the very stereotypes they claim to fight against. Which proves Manatu’s claim that it doesnt matter whether if it’s a Black or White male filmmaker, they all view Black women the same. Once we, as a culture, stop repeating the same stereotypes as mainstream and hopefully reject the traditional beauty model, then we can embrace all aspects of beauty despite a person’s skin color or race.


  8. Colorism is the discrimination based on the shades or color of the skin. Colorism affect black men in particular because they are regarded as more masculine, violent, ugly, and better at certain sports and jobs. Men form opinion about black women based on what is seen on television and social media. Black women are more likely to play certain roles that shows off their ass and breast than their white counter parts. It forms opinions for example that all or most black women have large asses or breast and are better if portrayed as a sex symbol perhaps. I believe certain black women see themselves as what men portray them to be. It becomes something that a black woman is put into rather than becoming something. For example, in the video African American Women in Music Videos, discusses how black women are depicted in music videos and how they are used only for their body parts. I don’t think it was smart for Rodner Figueroa to make racial period and especially at the First Lady on television. He deserved to be fired from his job. In the article Viola Davis Is Classically Beautiful Although It’s Not Her Job to Be, discusses women with “classic beauty”. I don’t understand what is meant by classic beauty but I believe all women are beautiful and are beautiful in their own particular way. There is no set of beauty, but since society puts a rule on how girls or women should look then it becomes a way of living and a way of how a girl or woman should look. If a woman does not look a certain or a certain then she is not accepted or she shouldn’t be in the position that she is at like what happened with Viola Davis in regards to a New York Times article. In the New York Times Magazine article, discusses the low representation of black people but more about Viola Davis as being a dark skinned black woman. Many black actors and actresses have acted for years and it takes a lot of years to make it big in the industry because of the discrimination and the lack of important or on screen time that they are given. Since Sidney Poitier and Halle Berry won Oscars it has been years since another black actor or actress has won an Oscar. It’s unfortunately the society is the way it is but as a minority, we have to fight twice as hard because we are always pushed down or just not given enough to make it worthwhile.


  9. Juan, you made some good points about how the media effects the way men, Black men in particular view black women. The media does portray women in relations to their body parts especially Black and Latina women. Contemporary mainsrtream media porray these women as either sex symbols/objects or as angry, low class women or gold diggers who use sex to trap men as demonstrated in the video you linked. But, you didn’t mention how men relate to Colorism and the Beauty Model.

    You stated that you agreed that the Univision TV Host , Rodner Figueroa should have been fired. But that would have been a good opportunity to discuss Colorism in relation to men of color. Rodner Figueroa claims he is also half Black almost an excuse for his behavior but I’m sure Michelle Obama’s brown complexion and strong stance on issues had a role in his deragatory comment. Your observations about beauty standards are great, too bad you don’t own or represent a major media outlet like the NY Times, Studio or Channel. Then, hopefully an actor/actress would be judged on the content of their character, ability and performance instead of their skin color. Good job!


  10. Black men (or men of color), colorism, eurocentric beauty standards, and internalized racism are things we do not constantly think or hear about in mainstream media. Manatu discusses how the origin of this concept of colorism is tied to the exclusion of black women from femininity (at least historically looking at the United states) and it’s roots in the antebellum south. A beliefs that biracial babies were better then ‘fully’ black babies and that it was the lighter skinned black women that were the domestic slaves but the darker women were supposed to be out in the fields was something that dominated and still shapes our current discourse. This connected to the idea of colonialism, imperialism, and white supremacy. These standards have been engrained historically based on the assumption of savagery and Black men or men of color have internalized these beauty ideals of femininity. It’s understood that lighter skin is prettier, that closer to white is better, that there’s a sense of inferiority connected to blackness.
    The incredibly amazing Viola Davis discusses the idea of representation and the misrepresentation of black women. Black women are boxed into certain stereotypes and the roles for actress are usually exclusive and unwelcoming of melanin. Black men & men of color are socialized and raised and exist (INTERNALIZE) within a white supremacist eurocentric system and hold implicit biases, prejudices, and end up, whether intentionally or even consciously holding these same problematic beliefs of women. Black men and again men of color can sometimes, within certain contexts, be black women, or women of color’s worst enemies. There seem to be some conflict between hegemonic masculinity and the emasculation or lack of power/control that men of color/black men might feel based on racial injustice. It’s also, because of the way the system is set up, easy for male (or white/cis/heterosexual/other social categories) privilege to be invisible. All these things come together to facilitate discrimination or misogynoir. These stereotypes and this lack of representation further push these biased views of black women.
    Music and depictions of women based on our white-supremacists heteronormative patriarchal ideologies allow for ignorant and inappropriate comments to be made about black women. This Univision ex-employee exemplifies the fear of blackness within Latin American communities. This isn’t something out of the norm or uncommon. Latinos have a saying “avanze/arregle la raza” in translation ‘fix the race’ meaning marry white/light skinned so your kids are light skinned. It’s really scary because, especially for afro-Latinas it’s a very awkward situation to have to say I’m Black AND Latina. This isn’t something understood and totally under researched.


    • Good job, you made some excellent points and observations. You came late to the party but you at least came with a good analysis of the topic incorporating all the various elements of the assignment except the readings. You made note of Manatu but didn’t directly quote her which you’ve done before. Fortunately, your argument/comments are very strong but for future postings, please incorporate the reading.


  11. Colorism is sub topic of beauty debate. Colorism is the idea that people are more attractive based on your complexion. the lighter you are the better you look, and the darker you are the uglier you are perceived in the world. Many women of color deal with colorism more than any other kind of women. A woman’s color is noted more often then not by the media and the perception of what id pretty and ugly.
    In media, colorism is a big component of what is in and hot what is not. Most rappers relay the idea that women of lighter skin are better to be with then women of darker skin tones. This growing fad is making it harder for women of darker complexions to feel comfortable in their own skin. Many Artists show women of lighter skin tones in their videos as being worth more. certain videos show Black men going out of their way to make the lighter skinned women more valuable in terms of the gifts and places they are taken to in these music videos, while darker toned women are always shaking their asses and in the background getting their asses spanked while men make it rain money on them. Even artists like Miley Cyrus and Meghan Trainor use black women to convey the idea that darker women have more ass and they shake it well.
    At the same time in movies many of the main leading roles for darker skinned women do not exist. most of the roles portrayed by the lighter skinned women are leading roles or characters that are sophisticated, proper, educated and respectable, where as darker skinned women are sassier, tougher, rowdier, and violent.
    In Tyler Perry’s why did i get married, the darkest skinned women was an angry sapphire, where as all the lighter skinned women were quiet and not as aggressive. Most movies in the 90’s where Halle Berry was a character she was the nice one or the quiet kept wife. Roles played by Whoopi Goldberg she was the out spoken tough talking women that has to voice her opinion.
    There is a Major problem in the way society views color and that is that it has to be taken into consideration at all. Color should never have anything to do with perception or beauty. Everyone is beautiful in their own way and the idea that ones color defines who they are is ignorant.


    • Angel, this is a little better in terms of attempting to provide analysis of the film but you are still giving more of an overview of the film and what has already been discussed. In most, if not all of your post, you havent incorporated any of the readings or quotes from the book. In addition, you havent made a specific reference (using a scene) to any of the films. Here you could have made a connection between Colorism and Zebrahead or Monster’s Ball. You noted the films of Halle Berry from the 90’s but didn’t use any of her films as an example. Her role as the “love object” in the James Bond film “Die Another Day” would have been a perferct example of how she becomes more of a romantic heroine vs a sex object because of her perceived beauty based on her lightness. No other actress of color, especially a darker skinned actress has been cast as a love interest in a Bond film. This or a similar comparison would have been a great example of your interpretation of the assignment and the class discussion.


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