Coffy – Blaxploitation and the introduction of the Superwoman

We talked about Coffy being more than one sterotype, please discuss and explain why? Also, give examples of where this stereotype exist in current films/tv shows. In preparing your comments, think about some of the things we talked about in class as well as the non-verbal sexual behaviors overview I sent you. Again, please refer to the readings from previous classes and scenes from the film. I’m looking for everyone to post comments here by Monday evening and feel free to comment on each other’s post.

here is a link to the film for those who missed the first half, please watch it is you missed it so you can refer to scenes:

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20 thoughts on “Coffy – Blaxploitation and the introduction of the Superwoman

  1. Coffy the 1973 film was the first mainstream film with a black, female, action lead or “heroine”, and it came out at the start of the Blaxploitation era of film. Throughout the history of film, and all forms of media black people were often depicted in ways that reflected commonly held racist views of them. Due to the fact that women were and still are to some extent considered lower than men, black actresses in particular were severely limited to roles that reflected negative images and stereotypes of white film makers. “images of femininity.. in many movies tend to promote the tastes of the dominant group. Black women often are portrayed as … unattractive, or homely; they play roles that yet again suggest an inferiority position in the beauty hierarchy” (St. Jean & Feagin, 1998, p. 86) During an after the civil rights era independent black film makers sought to shine a better light on their people, culture and customs which lead to the Blaxploitation era. Many critics of this movement who acknowledge it’s importance claim that in an effort to shed stereotypes of old, film makers actually created new stereotypes black women. Coffy is a film that is vulnerable to this criticism.

    Now it’s important to understand the general structure of an action movie before analyzing and critiquing Coffy. For the most part they tend to work if the protagonist is going through their everyday life, has a normal job, and is possibly little down on their luck before the “call to action” triggers the rest of the events of the movie. During the course of the film we see the protagonist become or grow into the hero and for the most part they win in the end, which typically means beating the villain and possibly falling in love with the love interest. Coffy on the surface meets most if not all of the criteria of a typical action film. She is working as a nurse, which portrays her as a caretaker, and should give her some level of respectability, and although she is from the first scene already in action mode because her initial motivation of her sister being a drug addict happens prior to the start of the film the audience still gets to see her reconfirm her motivation when Officer Carter Brown is severely beaten and nearly killed in front of her. What makes Coffy different from other action movies or from other action heroes is the way she seems to go about doing things. Coffy is very sexual and although she only sleeps with on person during the course of the film she uses her sexuality constantly to get the upper hand against her foes in ways that white action heroines typically don’t.

    The first scene of the film Coffy is posing as a junkie who will do “anything to get straight.” She is almost immediately in bed with a man who is in the drug trade. She is wearing revealing clothing, and a part of her allure is a sort of sexy voice, she is also moaning a little bit. Of course she eventually turns the tables but, they way she gets there is what begins to undermine her position as a respectable hero. She is also introduced as a “liberated woman” by her boyfriend who is also revealed to be a villain later in the film. She later poses as a Jamaican prostitute in order to get close to another person she wants to take out. She uses an exotic accent and is originally wearing a bikini so she is again using her sexuality to gain an advantage. She also is direct about what she is into, which is considered masculine and not a feminine trait. “She notes that “the model of European femininity, grounded as it is in delicacy
    [and sexual] innocence… has largely been unavailable to black women” (p. 159). In this way Coffy, is weirdly a hero that most audiences can root for while not being the action heroine. Now it’s important to note that white heroines are often not portrayed in this sexual way. For example Sarah Connor from “The Terminator: (1984) is almost never portrayed in a sexual way except when she sleeps with Kyle Reese who is her love interest and the “good guy” in the film. Kyle Reese eventually dies during the film but Sarah does get to fall in love and get pregnant setting her up as the caretaker going forward. By contrast Carter Brown who is set up as an incorruptible cop, the good guy and potential love interest for crippled thus setting Coffy up to be alone. In these ways Coffy while an enjoyable character does not make the clean from other status as the filmmakers may have intended.

    The Blaxploitation era of film had many positive effects on society, it helped move black women forward by expanding the roles that they could play into the white male dominated action genre. However in an effort to separated black females from the stereotypes of old, filmmakers inadvertently perpetuated some and created others. In an isolated context Coffy can be seen as a by the numbers action flick, with a satisfying hero kills all the bad guys ending to boot. Though in the broader context of Black females in film Coffy reaffirms stereotypes about black women as hypersexual, while again denying them femininity by excluding them from romantic love.

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    • Sean, you provided a good overview of the history of blaxploitation and the development of the black female heroine. Your analysis sometimes slipped into a review or outline of the film, be careful with that. In addition, the scenes you selected were great references to Coffy as a heroine but you didnt actually connect her to a specific stereotype. Instead, you referenced behaviors (what she did or how she dressed) without defining how that behavior is reflective of a stereotype like the Jezebel or Superwoman. Referring to the reading, helps to make those connections clearer. Work on making those links a little clearer.

      Good job!

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  2. In the film, Coffy is shown as the superwoman; however, as the film progresses her character is revealed to have more character roles. These character roles are stereotypes of the typical behavior of Black women in Cinema. The typical stereotypical roles Coffy portrays in the film is the whore, and the mammy. In the film, Coffy primarily plays the role of the Whore to get what she wants. In the very beginning of the film, we are introduced to two men having a chat. One of the men tells the other man that he brought him something which he refers to as “fine tail” (fine woman). He later goes on saying that “she would do anything to get straight” and that “she is something special” (which points to the woman as sexual). They then go out of the club to the car and that is where we first see Coffy laying down on the seats in the car. A little after that Coffy presents herself as the Whore in the form of a prostitute; we know this through her verbal and nonverbal gestures of wanting sex. She says things like “You know just the words that turn me on,” “I know what you want too and you’re gonna get it,” “Now do I look like the kind of girl that one man would be enough for,” and “ugh… when you gonna give me some.” Through her verbal communication you can see that she is presenting herself in a highly sexual light. We also can tell this through her non verbal gestures with her grabbing, rubbing, holding, and kissing on the guy all the way until they reach their destination.
    Later as the film progresses, we see her back into this character as the Whore when she goes undercover as a prostitute from Jamaica, Kingston (where she first encounters Mr. George). Here is where she talks about being the best at sex (where she comes from) and she wants to go into the game here, by which she means prostitution. Now even though Coffy is a superwoman, to get to where she has to be she puts on performances. Her primary performance is as a prostitute. She acts like a prostitute to get closer to the men she wishes to kill. She isn’t an actual whore but to perform her job well and to stay alive, she adopts the role of a prostitute which is a form of the Whore, which is a stereotypical portrayal of Black women in Cinema. According to the article, Love & Romance–Madonna/Whore concept—The “Male Gaze,” “The fourth and final image of womanhood Haste (1993) identifies is woman as whore, and it is under this image that black women fall because the image of whore feeds into perception of black women as sexual temptresses.” What this quote is saying is that Black women are consistently portrayed and associated with the concept of the Whore. Coffy, a Black woman, is performing as a stereotype (the Whore/ prostitute) to bring to life a new character type (the superwoman/ superhero), however; even though she is performing she is still portraying a stereotypical character role of the Whore.
    This stereotype can be found in modern t.v shows such as How to Get Away with Murder, Being Mary Jane, and Scandal. The three shows I have mentioned have a Black female lead whose primary role is the superwoman. In Scandal, these stereotypes can be found in its protagonist, Olivia Pope. She is primarily a superwoman; however, she has other stereotypical character roles of a Black woman in Cinema. Olivia Pope is seen to be primarily a superwoman (like Coffy) but she is also a Sapphire and Jezebel (which falls into the category of the Whore, due to her longtime, explicit, sexual, and sensual affair with the president). Even though she is an independent and highly successful Black woman that saves the day in almost every episode (superwoman/ superhero), a large bulk of the show centers around her private life involving the long time and still ongoing affair.

    The other stereotypical character role Coffy portrays throughout the film is the mammy. There are a couple of scenes in the film where Coffy is taking care of people. We first see this through Coffy’s occupation as a nurse. A nurse’s primary duty is to watch out for and take care of his or her patients. So Coffy being a nurse implies that she often takes care of people and nurtures them back to health. We also see Coffy’s nurturing side in regards to her younger sister before and after her placement in what appears to be a drug rehab clinic. We first hear reference to her younger sister, when Coffy describes her as a victim of drugs. In the film, we first see her in a room where Coffy sits down besides her sister, comforting her asking questions like “how are you?” Coffy often visits her sister and takes care of her (characteristics of the mammy).
    Later in the film, Coffy is driving with Carter (the cop) where she explains how she would work and always send her younger sister money and fund her lessons and activities. This also shows that Coffy supported her, before the incident occurred. We also see her in this state when Carter gets terminal brain damage, where she , enraged, promises to avenge him. These are all acts of her being a caretaker in some shape or form.

    This stereotype can be found in many modern tv shows. The one I feel best relates is Being Mary Jane. In Being Mary Jane, these stereotypes can be found in the protagonist Mary Jane. From what I recall, Mary Jane was supporter and caretaker. She had no children of her own but she took on this motherly role of being a caretaker to others. If I recall right, she had a niece who got pregnant, so she paid for the shower, showing support. Even in her girl group, she was the woman who was put together enough to solve all of her girlfriends problems. This was a constant theme of her taking care of and fixing people’s situations and problems. Even though she has a career and is primarily a superwoman, she still has that stereotypical character role of a mammy, due to her taking care of people.

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    • Fatoumata, great analysis with using quotes from the reading and scenes from the film to build your argument. The only area I would disagree with you is your use of the mammy stereotype. Although, as a caretaker Coffy shares those traits but that falls in more as the Superwoman. Your selections of contemporary tv shows as examples of the Superwoman are right on point. Mary Jane are Olivia are truly reflective of the complexities of a modern day Superwoman with major Jezebel traits. Great job!

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  3. Coffy was a film that was created during the Blaxploitation era in films where there was a genre in film were created for the urban black community because of the dissatisfied representation of African Americans in movies. Even though Coffy was a heroic film played by a African American women which was seen as a good representation, there was still other stereotypes that Coffy was presenting to the audience. In the film Coffy, pimps/drug dealers/politicians were all having a negative impact on the communities and Coffy would persuade her targets into believing she was drug addicted prostitute to execute those involved in selling drugs,especially to her sister. Throughout the film, Coffy continuously used her body to get what she wanted and even to get out of a situation as if he had nothing else to offer. She represented the Superwoman as well as the Jezebel in the film because she was constantly someone’s love interest, using her body to accomplish her mission in getting revenge for her sister. Coffy can be described as more of a sex appeal than a super women in the film because their was a lot of nonverbal exposure being shown during most of the film, her physical attributes stayed on the screen. When negative role-behaviors assigned to one subgroup (as in the case of black women) take on a permanence, such objectification problematizes the group as negative and deviant “other”. The dominant defining characteristics of black women as “sexual other” may, in fact, become seared in viewers minds (Manatu, pg.7). Even though Coffy plays the role as a good girl( Independent, smart, caring), however she still has to represent the symbolic whore in excessive use of nudity and sexual persuasion as a superpower.

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    • Shaquarius you gave a good overall description of the film and time period but I already know this info. Try to keep it from being so general. Focus on specific scenes from the film that show traits of Coffy as a Superwoman or Jezebel steretotype. Your quote was very good and was a great way to conclude your comments. I would have liked to see more quotes from the reading as well as you linking the film to modern day stereotypes in tv and film.

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  4. Brittany Milan
    October 12, 2015

    Throughout history, there have been many films that portray African American women as hypersexual and social deviants. The film “Coffy,” was one of these films. Coffy came out in 1973 and was a film that focused on Blaxploitation. Blaxploitation is when African Americans are exploited through film, which is most often in the form of stereotypes. Throughout the film Coffy, the main character Coffy is viewed as many different stereotypes, in one word; she was viewed as the “other.” Instead of being viewed as just one stereotype, Coffy was viewed as a superwoman, jezebel, Madonna, and a whore. She was viewed as a superwoman because she was a heroine in the film. This was shown when she had a job, she took care of her siblings, and she became an action hero through the film. She was viewed as a jezebel because she was a prostitute throughout the film. Coffy was a good girl, which is why she would be viewed as a Madonna. An example of how she was a good girl is how she was a nurse. And lastly, she was viewed as a whore. This was because she was viewed as a bad girl who was hypersexual.

    In the beginning of the film, we see Coffy as a prostitute who just wanted to get a fix. As the story unfolded, she was depicted as a woman who was in what seemed like a stable relationship, she had a job, and good friends. But even with these good things going for her, she was then depicted as a prostitute, gangster, and murderer. Coffy is a controversial character because she is viewed as a nurse who takes care of her family and is in a committed relationship on minute; to a drug addict prostitute the next. Seeing Coffy play these different roles reflected a bad image on her, one that is often reflected on African American females in film and then portrayed on African American woman in society today. Film and television are huge outlets that play a significant role in the way we perceive certain races, especially African American woman.

    These stereotypes can also be seen in modern films and television shows. A show that comes to mind is Scandal. In this film, Olivia Pope is viewed as a Superwoman, but she can also be viewed as a Jezebel. Olivia Pope is viewed as a superwoman because she is constantly taking care of others and herself. She is viewed as a Jezebel because in the mix of taking care of everyone else’s problems, she has had a tendency to form relationships with different men. She is in love with the President, but while she is being his mistress she has other flings on the side with other men. Because of this, she is viewed as a jezebel. This is only one example of a show that shows these stereotypes of African American woman, there are many more.

    In conclusion, film plays a major role in how we perceive genders and races. African American woman are often viewed as “the other,” which was shown in Coffy. An African American woman is most often viewed as hypersexual. This is shown in Coffy and Scandal. Both woman couldn’t just be viewed as super woman, they also had the stigma attached to them as being hypersexual females.

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    • Brittany, you did an excellent job of setting up the complexities of a character like Coffy and the various stereotypes traits she portrayed. You made a good connection to Oliva Pope’s character which despite being a superwoman stereotype struggles with characterizations of hyper sexual jezebel. Please include quotes and the sections from the reading, It helps to build your argument. Lastly, your analysis of Blaxploitation period made it seem like the entire period was bad and it wasn’t. There were issues with that period either reinforcing or creating new stererotypes but it also gave African Americans an opportunity to see themselves in new and different ways for the first time in American film. So there was a lot of pluses as well as many minuses.

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  5. In the movie Coffy, we see a character playing more than one role, and displaying more than one stereotype of sexual other. Throughout the film, we see Coffy as a Superwoman, as she is seen taking revenge for what happened to her little sister and taking on drug dealers, pimps and cops all by herself. The position of Superwoman is also shown in the scene where she is in the car with Carter and tells him about her moving to the city after graduation to make money for her family: “I moved up here so I can make more bread and send some home to Lubelle, paying for music lessons and dance classes, so she wouldn’t end up hustling like my older sister”, showing the Superwoman taking care of others. In addition, she is heavily portrayed as the oversexed Jezebel, as she in fact uses her sexuality to get out of situations and to get where she wants. She knows she will be sexualized and objectified and she actually takes that as a resource to get where she wants to go in order to accomplish her mission. She infiltrates as a prostitute, where she is purposely putting herself in the situation of being subjugated and treated as less-than, which fulfills the fantasy of male viewer, as stated by Norma Manatu in Love & Romance-Madonna/Whore concept—The Male Gaze, “black-women-as-whore continue to be imputed for men’s sexual desires”, the scene where she gets in the room with Arturo Vitroni and he subjugates her and spits on her is a clear illustration of the fantasy of the male viewer.

    It is interesting to see that she is ruled by emotions, what happened to her sister moved her to seek revenge initially, and also the attack on Carter made her go after the people responsible to do justice. Additionally, even though she is portrayed as a liberated woman, I think she is actually confortable submitting to the idea of being objectified, because the only man who calls her “my woman” is the one she fell for, Howard; she even has a moment of weakness at the end and almost falls for the same idea of submission to a man: “And I love you, and we’re gonna do big things, baby, ‘cause you’re my woman, C

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    • Deborah, great job in terms of outlining an analysis of Coffy as a Superwoman and the scene you selected was a great example. I would have liked to see a good quote her to support your comment and the scene you referred to. You also made some good observations about Coffy as a Jezebel pairing your comments with a scene that completely demonstrates her objectification. I agree with you that Coffy is comfortable with being objectified. She gains power and uses her sexuality to overcome obstables and get out of bad situations. Although being protrayed and performing as a hypersexualized women disempowers her and puts her in danger, her sexuality gives her access to people and places that she wouldnt have without it. Again, feel free to reference as many quotes as possible, it strengthens your argument. good job!

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  6. I think Coffy is a multidimensional character. Throughout the film, she portrays several stereotypes- the superwoman, the jezebel/prostitute, the madonna/good girl, and the whore/bad girl. I feel this is sort of a step in the right direction. Not only is this a film with a black female lead, but she is an action hero as well. But there are still many stereotypes throughout the film, and not just with Coffy’s character. The women are whores, junkies, prostitutes and the men are corrupt, pimps, and drug dealers. Also, Coffy happened to be the only working woman in the film. In the Manatu article, “Love & Romance- Madonna/Whore concept” she quotes “Fomented by historical events and defined by current trend, “black women-as-whore” continue to be imputed for men’s sexual desires” (Jones, 1992, 1993). The film certainly displays plenty of that, especially with Coffy herself. It seems that the only way she could get anything done most times, was by using her beauty and sexuality. Also, “Haste (1993) “identifies woman as whore, and it is under this image that black women fall because the image of whore feeds into perception of black women as sexual temptresses through the ethos of sinfulness”. Unfortunately, many times throughout the film, Coffy has to use her sexuality to get out of a situation, or into one. Whether she’s running from gangsters, or trying to kill them, somehow her sexuality is always what gets her anywhere basically.
    There was one particular scene I thought was interesting in the film, which I brought up in class as well. Throughout the film, Coffy is this strong, bad ass woman who can fight a bunch of men, and kill a man with a shotgun. In one scene, she is sitting in her car when a beggar comes and harasses her while she is still in her car. For some reason in that scene she could not completely defend herself, yet any other time, she was a badass. it wasn’t even like the beggar was attacking her, he just reached into the car, but she was freaked out enough that Carter needed to come rescue her. I thought it was a little ironic that literally the first scene of the film is her single handedly killing two men with a shotgun, yet that time, she didn’t know what to do. I also thought it was interesting that at one point she is called a “liberated woman” while at dinner with the councilman, and then a “lusty young bitch” after having sex.
    Overall, the film is great and I believe really breaks boundries in a lot of ways. Coffy falls into many stereotypes, but breaks out of them as well.

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    • Great response Kiabett! You used good quotes to back up your argument/comments regarding the multilayered duality of Coffy. To answer your question in regards to why Coffy needed her friend Carter to protect her when she was in the car. I would assume that Coffy, can only react or behave based on the role she is playing. If she is the Superwoman then she can overcome obstacles, if she is the whore/prostitute then she can only act in a sexually manner and as the good girl/madonna she becomes a woman of respectability who is vulnerable and needs a man to protect/save her. I am interested in your comment about Coffy, the film/female protagonist. You state, “I feel this is sort of a step in the right direction.” I’m assuming you referring to her being the first black female action hero. But, unfortunately, she is not allowed to be just a superwoman/action hero. Is the whore/jezebel the balance to the superwoman? Wondering what your thoughts on this?

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  7. Most films that were made in that Era , they always made these type of films degrading black women and their sexuality. They always potray these women as a sexual object. Coffy gives a different type of style and is not your typical black woman. This is probably one of the first female action hero movies that was put out there. She pretending to be a whore and low life but in reality she is a educated and nurse who is basically fighting against drug lords. She is probably the only woman in this film who has a profession. The other women in the film are generally prostitute and junkies.
    Coffy is potray as a Liberated women/lusty. Coffy doesn’t have to sleep with the man in order to get what she wants but by her sexual behavior. As her body language when she talks to a man or offers him sex as an exchange of something she wants. But she doesnt sleep with these men.
    Coffy is stuck between good girl and bad girl, the reason why I say this because she has these good girl traits as mention earlier and bad girl traits. Good girls traits she is a care taker , activist, friend and lover. Then bad girl as a murdered, whore, gangster and person who manipulates others. That’s what makes this movie different and how the black women role is not your avatar jezebel film. This film sents out different messages to the audience.

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  8. You made some good points that I think you could have expanded your points by using quotes and selecting specific scenes from the film to emphasize your argument. You made a good point by noting the non-verbal sexual behavior of Coffy and how it connects to her to the Jezebel/whore. But, you didnt connect her to a current character on television or in the movies. As always refer to the reading.

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  9. Overall, Coffy is just about all the “cinematic other” characters.The main stereotypes that she fits into is the Superwoman and the Jezebel. In the beginning of the film, she poses as a drug addict willing to have sex just to get a fix. She uses her sexuality to gain the trust of men. She only has sex with one man, but the way she dresses and her actions insinuates a jezebel. She is seen as a superwoman because she does it all. She works as a nurse during the day, and fights for the justice of her drug addicted sister. She can also compared to a sapphire because of the way she handles herself while dealing with these men that she’s out to kill. In TV today, we see a superwoman in “Being Mary Jane”. She works very hard and continues to have a regular life taking care of friends and family. On “Empire”, Cookie is the ultimate sapphire. She is charismatic, snappy, witty and runs her company with an iron fist. The movie “Video Girl” shows the Jezebel. She uses her body and sexuality to get more success. Like in class, when we talked about non-verbal sexual behavior. Coffy demonstrates that again in the beginning scene by touching and making sexual gestures to the drug kingpin while in the car with him. Also, she was wearing very revealing clothing. Although Coffy didnt have many sexual partners like the typical jezebel, she can be seen as one.

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    • Jenai, you made some great points in describing Coffy as the cinematic “other.” Although, I would have liked to see you use some quotes from the reading to support your argument. You also gave some good examples of tv characters portraying various stereotypes but what you missed or didnt note which you did so well with describing Coffy, is that all these black female characters incorporate multilayered traits of various stereotypes. For an example, Mary Jane in Being Mary Jane, has a successful career and therefore depicts the Superwoman. But all her sexual relationships are failures, therefore she has elements of the jezebel as well as sapphire. In none of these shows where there is a black female lead are the women successful in love and career. There is always something wrong or dysfunctional in their life.

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  10. Coffy was a film that help change the game for Black women in film and especially in action films. Coffy partake was big during the blaxploitation era because it took them out of the stereotypical black women character. Prostitutes, strippers, crackheads was the usually roles, but Coffy was the superhero tough gangster main character that in the 70’s blacks never really seen before. Based off the readings of blaxploitation was the exploitation of black people, especially with regard to stereotyped roles in movies, and/or a genre that was frequently criticized for stereotypical characterization and glorification of violence. The term itself is a portmanteau of the words “black” and “exploitation” and was coined in the early 1970s by then Los Angeles NAACP head and ex-film publicist Junius Griffin. So the Coffy film was no little deal specifically looking back about it now making this move was a positive shift out of the normal degrading roles that were often given. Coffy paved the way for actors such as Kerry Washington and Meagan Good who play as main characters of popular shows and movies, because that was little to none for blacks for a very long time. The character Coffy was interesting, because she was a mix of a whole lot of stereotypes. She definitely was a Superwomen because she was a nurse, a girlfriend, sister and the death of her sister made her into the gangster vigilante we she her throughout the film. Only thing she utilized her body and sex throughout the film to get what she needed so Jezebel and Sex object is included in the characters bio. Though she was exposed as a Jezebel if I had to pick one she is definitely a superwomen, because she fought 5 women at once, men, and found her sisters murderer basically all by herself that’s the most super you probably can get.

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  11. Good connections with looking at Coffy as the Superwoman as well as the Jezebel. Although, she didnt have sex with a lot of me, she did use her body as well to seduce me and gain control over them. Again, some references to the reading would have been good to show you read the articles as well as was able to connect them to the film.

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  12. Through the movie we are shown that Coffy doesn’t fit just one stereotype, in reality shifts more like 2 for example she could be seen as a “whore”/Jezebel and also as a heroine.
    When we are first introduced to Coffy we she that she is a temptress and she uses her body to tempt men and exploits that to bring about fantasies that men may have while at the same time safeguarding her image. (Norma Manatu)
    We also see that she takes care of her patients in the hospital while we see this representation we see that she needs the help of someone else. Yet when she is presented as a super woman she goes about on her own trying to solve the gang/violence that is running rampant in her town; she doesn’t need anyone’s help. She is given this good girl vs bad girl persona at the same time. As a good girl she is a law abiding citizen, a nurse, a activist, a friend, she is weak(needs protection), fears robbers/sexual predators, is a nurse, has morals, is sexually passive and admirable. She talks to officers about the problems in the town and shows she fears it getting worse.
    Yet when we see her as a bad girl we get a hyper sexual, sexually aggressive with the way she uses her body to win over men and use it to her advantage, has no morals and is seen as a whore, a murderer(she kills drugs dealers), a junkie, a gangster, action hero/heroine, and a manipulator.

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  13. Larry,
    You are right, Coffy is the whore/Jezebel but she is also the Superwoman/good girl more so that the cinematic heroine as you mentioned. Her character is a conflicted dual stereotype both good and bad. You mentioned Manatu which is good but in a very unspecific manner which fails to connect the readings to the film. The readings, especially the one assigned to this film would have been able to help you develop a stronger analysis of your good vs bad girl analogy.

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